2. The second law of thermodynamics states that:
the entropy of a perfect crystal is zero at 0 K. the entropy of the universe is constant the energy of the universe is increasing. the entropy of the universe is increasing. the energy of the universe is constant.
3. Liquid sample A freezes at -8°C. Determine the signs of DH, DS, and DG.
+,+,+ +,-,- -,-,- -,+,0 None of the above
4. Which of these statements is false?
For a spontaneous reaction DG is negative Independent of T, a reaction must be spontaneous if DH = 0 and DS is positive A spontaneous reaction is always fast A spontaneous reaction occurs without outside intervention None of the above is false
5. In which case MUST a reaction be spontaneous, independent of T?
DH = 0, DS must be positive. DH = 0, DS is negative. DS = 0, DH is positive. DH is negative, DS is positive. None of these
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