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1. Rubidium has a heat of vaporization of 69.0 kJ/mol at its boiling point (686oC). For the process Rb(l)-->Rb(g) at 1 atm and 686oC. Calculate the value of DSuniverse.
0
69.0 kJ/mol
71.9 J/K mol
61.0 kJ/mol
-7.97 kJ/mol

2. The second law of thermodynamics states that:
the entropy of a perfect crystal is zero at 0 K.
the entropy of the universe is constant
the energy of the universe is increasing.
the entropy of the universe is increasing.
the energy of the universe is constant.

3. Rubidium has a heat of vaporization of 69.0 kJ/mol at its boiling point (686oC). For the process Rb(l)-->Rb(g) at 1 atm and 686oC. Calculate the value of DG.
0
69.0 kJ/mol
71.9 J/K mol
61.0 kJ/mol
-7.97 kJ/mol

4. Which of the following statements is always TRUE for a spontaneous process?

I. DSsys > 0
II. DSsurr > 0
III. DSuniv > 0
IV. GSsys > 0


I
III
IV
I and III
III and IV

5. In which case MUST a reaction be spontaneous, independent of T?
DH = 0, DS must be positive.
DH = 0, DS is negative.
DS = 0, DH is positive.
DH is negative, DS is positive.
None of these

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