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[Types of Chemical Reactions and Solution Stoich] [Gas Laws] [Thermochemistry] [Bonding] [Liquids and Solids] [Solutions] [Chemical Kinetics] [Chemical Equilibrium] [Acids and Bases] [Spontaneity] [Electrochemistry]

Types of Chemical Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry

Determining Molarity: 1.gif (411 bytes)

Molarity and Volume:
(M1 is the molarity of solution one, which has a volume of V1. M2 is the molarity of solution two, which has a volume of V2.)
M1V1 = M2V2

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Gas Laws

The Ideal Gas Law:
(P = pressure in atm, V = volume in liters, n = moles, R = 0.082058 L*atm/mol*K, T = temperature in Kelvins)
PV = nRT

Boyle's Law: PV = K

Charles Law: K = V/T

Derivative of the Ideal Gas Law:
(MW = molecular weight, d = density)
MW = dRT / P

Root Mean Square:
(R = 8.3145 J/ K * mol, M = mass of a mole of the gas in kg)
2.gif (284 bytes)

Rate of Effusion: 3.gif (667 bytes)

Van der Waal's Equation: 4.gif (423 bytes)

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(q = heat at constant temp) D E   = q + w

(w = work) W = -PDV

DH = DE + D(PV)

c = heat capacity 5.gif (427 bytes)

s = specific heat capacity
m = mass of solution
6.gif (1211 bytes)

Relationship between frequency and wavelength
(c = 2.99979 x 108 m/s)
7.gif (910 bytes)

(n = integer, h = Planck's constant = 6.626 x 10-34 J*s) 8.gif (946 bytes)

Energy per photon: 9.gif (1087 bytes)

Equation for special theory of relativity: 10.gif (937 bytes)

Calculating Zeff 11.gif (1204 bytes)

de Broglie's equation: 12.gif (966 bytes)

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(Q is charge of ions, r shortest distance between centers of the cations and anions) 13.gif (1257 bytes)

Calculating lattice energy
(k is proportionality constant, Q is charge of ions, r = shortest distance between centers of the cations and anions)
14.gif (1256 bytes)

15.gif (1277 bytes)

Bond Order: 16.gif (1402 bytes)

Formal Charge: 17.gif (1615 bytes)

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Liquids and Solids:
Clausius-Clapeyron equation
(R = 8.3145 J/K mol)
18.gif (1429 bytes)

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Molality: 19.gif (1236 bytes)

Psoln:  vapor pressure of the solution
Xsolvent: mole fraction of solvent
Psolvent: vapro pressure of pure solvent
20.gif (1236 bytes)

Mass Percent: 21.gif (1387 bytes)

Modified osmotic pressure formula for electrolytes 22.gif (950 bytes)

Henry's Law
P: partial pressure of gaseous solute
C: concentration of dissolved gas
k: constant
23.gif (918 bytes)

Boiling point elevation
m: molality
Kb: constant
24.gif (1009 bytes)

Freezing Point Depression
m: molality
Kf: constant
25.gif (998 bytes)

p: osmotic pressure
M: molarity
R: 0.082616 L*atm/K*mol
26.gif (946 bytes)

van't Hoff factor 27.gif (1383 bytes)

Modified for electrolyte solutions
m: molality
K: freezing/boiling point constant
28.gif (951 bytes)

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Chemical Kinetics:
  Zero Order First Order Second Order
Rate Law 31.gif (943 bytes) 34.gif (990 bytes) 41.gif (1005 bytes)
Integrated Rate Law 32.gif (1027 bytes) 35.gif (1069 bytes) 37.gif (1078 bytes)
Half-life 33.gif (1019 bytes) 36.gif (1024 bytes) 38.gif (1022 bytes)
General Rate Law: 30.gif (1060 bytes)

Arrhenius Equation
the whole e^(stuff) equation represents the fraction of collisions with sufficient energy to produce a rxn
39.gif (999 bytes)

Derived Arrhenius Equation 40.gif (1168 bytes)

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Chemical Equilibrium:

Calculating Equilibrium Constant: 42.gif (1343 bytes)

Dn = coefficients of gaseous products - coefficients gaseous reactants 43.gif (1008 bytes)

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Acids and Bases:

Equilibrium Expressions:
HA <--> H+ + A-
44.gif (1087 bytes)

45.gif (1045 bytes)

46.gif (1018 bytes)

47.gif (1037 bytes)

% Dissociation 48.gif (1448 bytes)

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Spontaneity, Gibbs Free Energy:

49.gif (1116 bytes)

50.gif (1101 bytes)

51.gif (1102 bytes)

Gibbs Free Energy: 52.gif (1004 bytes)

53.gif (1099 bytes)

54.gif (1026 bytes)

55.gif (1104 bytes)

56.gif (999 bytes)

57.gif (1108 bytes)

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58.gif (963 bytes)

n = number of moles of electrons transferred 59.gif (954 bytes)

Nernst Equation
F = faraday's constant
n = number of electrons
60.gif (1088 bytes)

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