Carboxylic Acid Nomenclature:
acid functional group is the highest priority functional group. The -COOH
functional group can also be seen here molecularly:
When naming a group with a carboxylic functional group, you take the alkane name (for
instance, butane), and drop the -ane and add -oic acid. So, butane would be butanoic acid.
So name this compound:
This would be butanoic acid. Pretty easy. Try this one:
This is benzoic acid! See, carboxylic acids are pretty easy.
The hardest thing about acids is that a lot of them have "historic" names
which have pattern. So here are some of them: