Here is a brief overview of each of our
Alkanes are single-chained hydrocarbons. They can be found in cyclic rings or as
brances. Alkanes are generally unreactive.
Alkenes are hydrocarbons with pi bonding (double bonds). They are more
reactive than alkanes.
Alkynes are triple bonds (2 pi bonds). They are quite reactive as well.
Dienes are quite simliar to alkenes, after all, instead of ONE double bond, they
Alcohols are very important. Not only are they important in dulling the pain of
failure, but they also serve as the basis for sugars. And stuff. :)
Aromatics are very fun to learn about. Hey, how else will you learn how to
synthesize crack cocaine?
Aldehydes are -CHO groups, and ketons are R-CO-R groups. Both involve a carbon
with a double bond to an oxygen.
- Carboxylic Acids
Pretty important stuff. The ends of fatty acids have these suckers, which are
COOH (carbon double bonded to an oxygen with a hydroxyl group off the carbon)
These contain nitrogen. Fun.